カンナ 

mark

Flora of Mikawa

カンナ科 Cannaceae カンナ属

英 名 canna, canna-lily
学 名 Canna indica hybrid
カンナの蕾
カンナの花横
カンナの花の内部
カンナの果実
カンナの葉
カンナ
カンナ花
カンナ未熟な種子
花 期 6~10月
高 さ 40~200㎝
生活型 多年草
生育場所 庭、草地
分 布 園芸種
撮 影 幸田町 13.6.29
カンナは観賞用のためハナカンナとも呼ばれている。19世紀半ばからヨーロッパやアメリカなどで、多くの園芸品種が作られている。カンナ科はカンナ属1属だけからなり、約50種あり、様々な種の交配が行われている。主体になった原種はCanna indicaなどである。主な園芸種の系統はフレンチカンナの系統とイタリアンカンナの系統があるが、今では品種が多く、交雑を繰り返しているため、Canna indica hybridと総称されている。アメリカではCanna indicaとアメリカ在来種のmaraca amarilla(Canna glauca)や golden canna (Canna. flaccida)との交配種をCanna ×generalis 又はCanna X orchiodes といい、現在では他の交配種も含めてCanna ×generalisとしていることもある。
 フレンチカンナ系統のカンナは草丈がやや低く、1~1.5m、花が大きく、花弁は基部まで分かれ、反転しない。よく結実する。イタリアンカンナ系統は草丈が2~2.5m。花がやや小さく、花弁の基部が筒状、花弁が反転し、花がランに似ている。ほとんど結実しないが、性質が強く、半野生化することも多い。
 日本には昭和初期に渡来し、花色も赤色、黄色、橙色、白色、ピンクなどがあり、葉に班紋があるものなど変化に富んでいる。高さが50㎝以下の矮性種もある。
 カンナは地下に根茎をもつ。葉は互生し、楕円形、先が尖り、基部は茎を抱く。花は総状花序につき、長さ約10㎝。小花柄は長さ約1㎝、3稜形。苞は長さ約1㎝。萼片は淡緑色、3個、長さ約1.7㎝。花冠筒部は仮雄しべの筒部と合着して肉圧、長さ約2.5㎝、花冠裂片は3個、長さ約4㎝の披針形、先が尖る。子房下位。大きな花弁のように見えるものは仮雄しべ(staminode)。外側3個は大きく、長さ7~8㎝、斑点模様がない。内側の2個は長さ約6㎝、約7㎝、斑点模様があり、小さいものは片側の縁が厚くなり、葯が1個つく雄しべ。葯は長さ約5㎜。雌しべはへら状である。子房は長さ約1㎝。(数値は実測、カンナの花の構造参照)
 ダンドク Canna indica L..はカリブ諸島、熱帯アメリカ原産。園芸種のカンナの原種のひとつ。これも世界各地で野生化している。日本には江戸時代初期に観賞用として渡来した。花は黄色、赤色、花が小さい。2n=18
 ショクヨウカンナCanna edulis Ker Gawl.は西インド諸島や南アメリカが原産。Queensland arrowroot とか achira と呼ばれている。花は赤色~橙色、大型で根茎が太くでんぷんが多い。日本には江戸時代に渡来したが、あまり利用されていない。ただし、USDAなどではCanna edulis も Canna indica と同種としている。

カンナ属

  family  Cannaceae - genus  Canna

 多年草、根茎をもち、高さ1~2(~5)m、小型~大型の単一で直立する。葉は緑色 [ハイブリッドや栽培種では銅色又はマゼンタ色もある]、しばしば粉白色を帯びる [羊毛状の毛がある]。葉身は狭卵形~狭楕円形、長さ20~70㎝×幅15~30㎝、基部は次第に又は急に先細になり、先は鋭形~尖鋭形。花序は花序柄が緑色[マゼンタ色]、しばしば、粉白を帯びる。苞は緑色[マゼンタ色]、しばしば粉白を帯びる。1次の苞は長さ30㎝以下、2次の苞は長さ20㎝以下。花の苞は長さ0.5~3㎝×幅0.3~1.5㎝、紙質。花はほぼ無柄、花柄の苞が基部につく。咢片は普通、緑色 [マゼンタ色]、しばしば花弁の長さの半分以下。花弁は鋭く後屈;又は後屈;せず、緑色又は明るく着色し、長さ4~15㎝、通常、仮雄しべより短い。仮雄しべは淡黄色~濃深紅色。唇弁(labellum)は長さ3~9㎝×幅4~10㎝。子房は緑色 [マゼンタ色]。蒴果は褐色、長さ1.5~6㎝×幅2~4.5㎝、いぼ状、紙質になる。種子は蒴果に5~25[~75] 個、褐色~暗褐色~黒色、長さ4~10㎜×幅4~8㎜。
 世界に約10種あり、熱帯、亜熱帯アメリカに分布する。

カンナ属の主な種と園芸品種

1 Canna edulis Ker Gawl.  ショクヨウカンナ
 南アメリカ、メキシコ原産。英名はAfrican arrowroot , Indian-shot , purple arrowroot , Queensland arrowroo , Sierra Leone arrowroot

2 Canna flaccida Salisb.
 北アメリカ(USA)原産。英名はgolden canna , bandana-of-the-Everglades , yellow canna

3 Canna glauca L.
 北アメリカ、南アメリカ原産。英名はmaraca amarilla , Louisiana Canna , Aquatic Canna , water canna
品種) 'Fuchsia Fantasy' , 'Ra'

4 Canna indica L.
 南アメリカ、メキシコ原産。英名はAfrican arrowroot , edible canna , Indian-shot , purple arrowroot , Queensland arrowroot , Sierra Leone arrowroot
品種) 'Alberich' , 'Anchiras' , 'Belize' , 'Caixiao' , 'Caixui' , 'Corsica' , 'Cream Prapanpong' , 'Gran Canaria' , 'Huamei 1' , 'King Albert' red , 'Kreta' (Island Series) , 'Louis Cottin' , 'Orange Siranut' , 'Pink Peeranuch' , 'Purpurea' , 'Red King Rupert' , 'Rhodos' , 'Rosea' , 'Russian Red' , 'Singapore Orange' , 'Sunset' , 'Taroudant' , Tropicanna Gold = 'Mactro' (PBR) , 'Xuhong' , 'Yellow Arunee'

4-1 Canna indica L. var. indica  ダンドク  檀特
  synonym Canna indica L. var. orientalis (Roscoe) Baker
  synonym Canna coccinea auct. non Mill.
 カリブ諸島、南アメリカ原産。中国名は美人蕉 mei ren jiao 。英名はIndian shot。日本には江戸時代初期に観賞用として渡来した。
 多年草。高さ50~200㎝。地下に塊茎がある。葉は互生し、長さ30~60㎝、幅10~20㎝の卵状楕円形~楕円形、先端が尖り、基部は茎を抱く。葉鞘は緑色~紫色。茎頂の扇状集散花序に花を1~2個ずつつける。苞は長さ約8㎜、卵形。萼片は長さ約1.5㎝の披針形、紫色を帯びた緑色。花冠の筒部は長さ約1.5㎝、橙黄色。花冠裂片は直立し、長さ約4㎝、赤色~紫色を帯びた橙黄色。花弁のような仮雄しべは2(又は3)個つき、赤色、基部は橙黄色、長さ4~5.5㎝、幅7~10㎜の倒披針形、先は凹形。唇弁は長さ約4.5㎝の披針形、赤色、ときに黄色の斑点がある。雄しべは花糸が赤橙黄色、長さ約4.2㎝、葯は長さ約9㎜。果実は長さ1.2~1.8㎝の広卵形。種子は硬く、黒色、直径5~7㎜の球形。2n=18。花期は6~10(11)月。
4-2 Canna indica L. var. flava (Roscoe) Baker  キバナダンドク
  synonym Canna flaccida Roscoe

4-3 Canna indica L. var. warszewiczii (A.Dietr.) Nb.Tanaka  ムラサキダンドク

5 ハイブリッド  Canna indica hybrid
(1) Canna x generalis L.H.Bailey  ハナカンナ(フレンチカンナ系)
 Canna Generalis Group

品種) 'Ada' , 'African Scarlet Speckle' , 'African Sunset' , 'Afterglow' , 'Aida' , 'Alex Cole' , 'Alfred Cole' , 'Allegheny' , 'Allison Cole' , 'Aloha' , 'Alsace' , 'Alyse' , 'Amazing Grace' , 'Amazon Butterfly' , 'Ambassador' , 'Ambassadour' , 'Ambrosia' , 'America' , 'Angel Pink' , 'Angele Martin' , 'Anthony de Crozy' , 'Apache Blaze' , 'Aphrodite' , 'Apricot Dream' , 'Apricot Frost' , 'Apricot Ice' , 'Aquarius' , 'Aranalyom' , 'Arctic' , 'Argentia' , 'Aries' , 'Asia' , 'Assaut' , 'Australia' , 'Australia' , 'Austria' , 'Autumn Dragon' , 'Autumn Gold' , 'Aztec' , 'Banana Punch' , 'Beloved' , 'Bill Johnson' , 'Bittersweet' , 'Black Magic' , 'Black Velvet' , 'Blushing Beauty' , 'Boca Blue' , 'Bonfire' , 'Bonnezeaux' , 'Borneo' , 'Brandywine' , 'Brenda Elaine' , 'Brighton Orange' , 'Brilliant' , 'Britannia' , 'Brocade' , 'Bugle Boy' , 'Burgundy Blush' , 'Buttercup' , 'Butterfly Kisses' , 'Butterscotch' , 'C.F. Cole' , 'Caballero' , 'Caliente' , 'Camille Bernardin' , 'Canary Feathers' , 'Cancer , 'Candy Festival' , 'Canna Get-It' , Cannova Bronze Orange = 'Fcaa33' (Cannova Series) , Cannova Bronze Scarlet = 'Fcaa35' (Cannova Series) , Cannova Lemon (Cannova Series) , Cannova Mango = 'Fcaa10' (Cannova Series) , Cannova Orange Shades = 'Fcaa17' (Cannova Series) , Cannova Red Shades = 'Fcaa23' (Cannova Series) , Cannova Rose = 'Fcaa05' (Cannova Series) , Cannova Series , Cannova Yellow = 'Fcaa02' (Cannova Series) , CannovaR Red Shades , CannovaR Rose , CannovaR Yellow , 'Cantelope' , 'Capricorn' , 'Capricornia' , 'Cardinal' , 'Carmen' , 'Carnival' , 'Carolina Moonglow' , 'Carousel' , 'Cattleya' , 'Centenaire de Rozain-Boucharlat' , 'Centennial' , 'Centurion' , 'Cerase' , 'Cerise Davenport' , 'Champagne' , 'Champigny' , 'Champion' , 'Chaumes' , 'Cheerfulness' , 'Cherry Red' , 'Chesapeake' , 'China Doll' , 'China Lady' , 'China Lass' , 'Chinese Coral' , 'Chocolate Cherry' , 'Cole's Pale Superba' , 'Colibri' , 'Conestoga' , 'Confetti' , 'Constitution' , 'Copicana' , 'Coq d'Or' , 'Corail' , 'Cornelius Cole' , 'Corrida' , 'Corsica' , 'Cosmic Dragon' , 'Cote d'Or' , 'Cream' , 'Creation Sparks' , 'Cremora' , 'Crimson Beauty' , 'Cupid' , 'Dawn Pink' , 'Declaration' , 'Delaware' , 'Delibab' , 'Desert Yellow' , 'Di Bartolo' , 'Dondoblutrot' , 'Dr. Eisler' , 'Dr. Ingrid' , 'Draco' , 'Duke of Marlborough' , 'E. Huss' , 'Edna Tulip' , 'Effie Cole' , 'Eileen Gale' , 'Elizabeth Hoss' , 'Ellen Gallow' , 'Elma Cole' , 'Embleme' , 'Empire' , 'En Avant' , 'Enchantress' , 'Eric Neubert' , 'Ermine' , 'Erotic One' , 'Etoile du Feu' , 'Eureka' , 'Evening Star' , 'Evolution' , 'Exotica' , 'Extase' , 'Fairy Queen' , 'Fantastic Red' , 'Fatamorgana' , 'Favourite' , 'Fcaa02' , 'Fcaa05' , 'Fcaa10' , 'Fcaa17' , 'Fcaa23' , 'Fcaa33' , 'Fcaa35' , 'Felix Ragout' , 'Fiesta' , 'Fire Flame' , 'Fire Magic' , 'Firebird' , 'Firecracker' , 'Firehouse' , 'Fireside' , 'Flameche' , 'Flamingo' , 'Flamingo Dawn' , 'Florence Vaughan' , 'Forbidden Love' , 'Fournaise' , 'Francis Berti' , 'Frangipani' , 'Franklin' , 'Frau Gartenburg' , 'Freckles' , 'Freedom' , 'Freedom Coral' , 'Freedom Pink' , 'Freedom Red' , 'Freedom Yellow' , 'French Plum' , 'French Vanilla' , 'Furst Weid' , 'Futurity Rose' , 'Futurity Vermillion' , 'Futurity Yellow' , 'G.V. King' , 'Gaiety' , 'Gamay' , 'Garbo' , 'Garum' , 'Gemini' , 'General Eisenhower' , 'Giant Red' , 'Gladiflora' , 'Glowing Embers' , 'Gnome' , 'Goldbird' , 'Golden Girl' , 'Golden Lucifer' , 'Gran Canaria' , 'Grand Duc' , 'Green Wyoming' , 'H.W. Cole' , 'Halloween' , 'Harvest Gold' , 'Harvest Yellow' , 'Hawaiian Red' , 'Heinrich Seidel' , 'Heliconifolia , 'Henry Cohen' , 'Henry Cole' , 'Henry Cuban' , 'Her Majesty' , 'Herb's White' , 'Hercule' , 'Hibiscus' , 'Hoffe' , 'Honey Mango' , 'Honeycomb' , 'Horn' , 'Howzat' , 'Hungaria' , 'Imperial Gold' , 'Impyan Fire' , 'Independence' , 'India Prince' , 'Ingeborg' , 'Innosense' , 'Intrigue' , 'Iridescent' , 'Isis' , 'Italia' , 'J.B. van der Schoot' , 'J.D. Cabos' , 'Jasmine' , 'Jean Krupp' , 'Jean Sisley' , 'Jester' , 'Jester Pink' , 'Jivago' , 'Jochheim Pink' , 'Jolene' , 'Joseph Bischau' , 'Journey's End' , 'Kandy Apple' , 'Kansas City' , 'Karl Feldstadt' , 'Kashmir' , 'Katha Rice' , 'Kathy's Star' , 'Katie' , 'Kenya' , 'Kevin's Glow' , 'Keylime' , 'King City Gold' , 'King Hakon' , 'King Tut' , 'Konigen Charlotte' , 'Kreta' , 'L.G. Cole' , 'La Boheme' , 'La Fayette' , 'La France' , 'La Gloire' , 'La Lonny' , 'La Quintinie' , 'La Ronde' , 'La Traviata' , 'L'Aiglon' , 'Landscape Red' , 'Le Pourpre' , 'Lemon Chiffon' , 'Lemon Gem' , 'Lemon Yellow' , 'Lemonade' , 'Lenape' , 'Leo' , 'Liberation' , 'Liberte' , 'Liberty' , 'Liberty Cantaloupe' , 'Liberty Pink Splash' , 'Liberty Sun' , 'Libra' , 'Liebesglut' , 'Lilian Cole' , 'Lippo' , 'Lippo's Kiwi' , 'Lipstick' , 'Los Angeles' , 'Losotho Lil' , 'Louis Cayeux' , 'Love Child' , 'Lucifer's Brother' , 'Lucifer's Sister' , 'Lunar Light' , 'Macquarie Apricot' , 'Macquarie Gold' , 'Macquarie Peach' , 'Madame Butterfly' , 'Madame Cole' , 'Madame Paul Caseneuve' , 'Madeira' , 'Maggie' , 'Malcolm's Pink' , 'Malcolm's Red' , 'Mandarin Orange' , 'Mango' , 'Marabout' , 'Marie' , 'Marie Nagel' , 'Marjorie Cole' , 'Mars' , 'Marvel' , 'Maudie Malcolm' , 'Mauve Vanda' , 'Mellow Yellow' , 'Merle Cole' , 'Meyerbeer' , 'Mignon' , 'Miss Ann' , 'Miss Oklahoma' , 'Mohawk' , 'Monet Sunset' , 'Montaigne' , 'Montville Orange' , 'Moonbeam' , 'Moulin Bronte' , 'Moulin Pink' , 'Moulin Rouge' , 'Mr. A. Carroll' , 'Mrs. A. Conrad' , 'Mrs. Betty Cooper' , 'Mrs. Pierre du Pont' , 'Mrs.Tim Taylor' , 'Musaefolia' , 'Musaefolia Grande' , 'Musaefolia Minima' , 'Musaefolia Perfecta' , 'Musaefolia Peruviana' , 'Musaefolia Rubra' , 'Mystique' , 'Nadine' , 'Nattie Cole' , 'Nectarine' , 'New Dawn' , 'New Day' , 'New Era' , 'New Horizon' , 'New White' , 'Niagara' , 'Nuscantara' , 'Oiseau de Feu' , 'Old Red' , 'Olive Cole' , 'Orange Beauty' , 'Orange Blush' , 'Orange Chiffon' , 'Orange County Texas' , 'Orange Julius' , 'Orange King Humbert' , 'Orange Perfection' , 'Orange Punch' , 'Orange Punch' , 'P.J. Berkman' , 'Pacific Beauty' , 'Paddy's Red' , 'Painted Aunt' , 'Painted Doll' , 'Pale Beauty' , 'Pallag Szepe' , 'Panama' , 'Pandora' , 'Paprika' , 'Parkes' , 'Passionata' , 'Paton' , 'Peach Blush' , 'Peach Glow' , 'Peaches 'n Cream' , 'Pearly Shells' , 'Pele' , 'Penn' , 'Perkeo' , 'Petit Poucet' , 'Pfitzer's Chinese Coral' , 'Pfitzer's Dwarf Cherry Red' , 'Pfitzer's Dwarf Orchid' , 'Pfitzer's Primrose Yellow' , 'Pfitzer's Scarlet Beauty' , 'Philip' , 'Phil's Scarlet Lady' , 'Picadore' , 'Picasso , 'Pink Beauty' , 'Pink Lace' , 'Pink Perfection' , 'Pink Princess' , 'Pink Sunburst' , 'Pink Sunrise' , 'Pisces' , 'Pixie' , 'Plantagenet' , 'Podgora' , 'Polly Gay' , 'Porcelain Petals' , 'Porcelain Rose' , 'Port Douglas' , 'President Carnot' , 'President Mayor' , 'Pride of Holland' , 'Pride of India' , 'Primrose Yellow' , 'Prince Charmant' , 'Princess Di' , 'Princess Yorke' , 'Pringle Bay' , 'Prissy' , 'Professor Wendt' , 'Puck' , 'Pygmy Flame' , 'Queen Charlotte' , 'Rajah' , 'Red Bird' , 'Red Dazzler' , 'Red Hots' , 'Red Raider' , 'Red Ribbons' , 'Red Simplex' , 'Red Velvet' , 'Red Wine' , 'Redhead' , 'Regal Red' , 'Reign of Stuttgart' , 'Rigoletto' , 'Roi Soleil' , 'Roitelot' , 'Romance' , 'Rosalinda' , 'Rose Beauty' , 'Rose Garden' , 'Rose Ribbons' , 'Rosea Superba' , 'Rosemond Cafe' , 'Rosen Kavalier' , 'Rosever' , 'Royal Red' , 'Royalty' , 'Ruby Cole' , 'Russian Red' , 'Sagittarius' , 'Salmon Pink' , 'Salmon Punch' , 'Sangria' , 'Satan's Revenge' , 'Satan's Torch' , 'Saumur' , 'Savenieres' , 'Scarlet' , 'Scarlet Fever' , 'Scarlet's Rib' , 'Schwabische Helmut' , 'Scorpio' , 'Semaphore' , 'Seven Dwarfs' , 'Shaka Zulu' , 'Shell Pink' , 'Shining Pink' , 'Shining Sun' , 'Simba' , 'Singapore Girl' , 'Skyhawk' , 'Snow Dragon' , 'Soudan' , 'Sparks' , 'Speckled Lucifer' , 'Spiderman , 'Spitfire' , 'Spritzii' , 'Star of India' , 'Statue of Liberty' , 'Storm Boy' , 'Strasbourg' , 'Strawberries and Cream' , 'Striata' , 'Striped Wonder' , 'Sudfunk' , 'Sugar & Spice' , 'Summer Glow' , 'Sunny Delight' , 'Sunnyside' , 'Super Glow' , 'Suzanne' , 'Sweetheart' , 'Tabitha Cole' , 'Tafraout' , 'Tahitian Sunset' , 'Talisman' , 'Tama-Tulipa' , 'Tangelo' , 'Tangerine' , 'Tangled Web' , 'Tango' , 'Taurus' , 'Tchad' , 'The Gem' , 'Tickled Pink' , 'Tiger Moth' , 'Tiger's Print' , 'Tiki Torch' , 'Tirol' , 'Tirol Red' , 'Topaz' , 'Torchlight' , 'Transvaal Beauty' , 'Tropic Pink' , 'Tropical Biscuit' , 'Tropical Cocktail' , 'Tropical Red' , 'Tropical Rose' , 'Tropical Salmon' , 'Tropical Yellow' , TropicannaR Black , TropicannaR Gold , 'Ty Ty Red' , 'Una' , 'Vainqueur' , 'Valentine' , 'Vera Cole' , 'Virgo' , 'Viva' , 'W.C. Fields' , 'Wanderlust' , 'Warsaw Pink' , 'Watermelon' , 'Weinsap' , 'Wild Thing' , 'William Berry' , 'Wine 'n Roses' , 'Winzer's Colossal' , 'Wisley Dwarf' , 'Woodridge' , 'Wyoming' , 'Yawalpa' , 'Yellow Glow' , 'Yellow Leopard' , 'Zebra Cole' , 'Zebra Summer' , 'Zulu Apricot Nectar' , 'Zulu Maiden' , 'Zulu Masquerade' , 'Zulu Pink' , 'Zulu Princess' , 'Zulu Queen' , 'Zulu Rose' , 'Zulu Rouge' , 'Zulu Warrior'
(2) Canna ×orchiodes L. H. Bailey   イタリアンカンナ (イタリアンカンナ系)
 C. flaccida × C. x generalis 
品種) 'Allemania' , 'American Flag' , 'Austria' , 'Bavaria' , 'Burbank' , 'Burgundia' , 'Italia' , 'King Humbert' (blood-red)キング・ハンバート , King Humbert (orange-red) , 'Mrs Kate Gray' , 'Partenope' , (Variegated Group) 'Phasion' , 'Roi Humbert' , 'Roma' , (Variegated Group) 'Trinacria Variegata' , 'Uncle Sam' , 'Wyoming' , 'Yellow King Humbert'

(3) Canna × ehemanii
  Canna indica×Canna iridiflora  英名はEhemann's canna
品種) 'Lucifer'

(4) その他ハイブリッド(Canna x generalis以外)
品種) 'A. Eisenbarth' , 'Abraham Lincoln' , 'Ace of Spades' , 'Adam's Orange' , 'Admiral Aurellan' , 'Admiral Courbet' , 'Africa' , 'Aida' (Grand Opera Series) , 'Alaska' , 'Alberich' , 'Albino' , 'Alda' , 'Alex Cole' , 'Alfred Cole' , 'Alfred Young' , 'Alice Cole' , 'Alice Harris' , 'Alice McGuigan' , 'Allemania' , 'Aloha' , 'Alt Wurttemberg' , 'Alycia Fowler' , 'Alyse' , 'Ambassador' , 'Ambassadour' , 'Ambrosia' , 'America' , 'American Beauty' , 'American Flag' , 'Amundsen' , 'Anetta Dalebo' , 'Angel Pink' , 'Angelique' , 'Angie Summers' , 'Anna Cole' , 'Annaeei' , 'Annaeei-rubra' , 'Annei' , 'Annei-Rubra' , 'Annjee' , 'Annjee Baby' , 'Antheor' , 'Antheor' , 'Anthony and Cleopatra' (v) , 'Aphrodite' P. Schmid , 'Aphrodite' van Klaveren , 'Apricot Dream' , 'Apricot Frost' , 'Apricot Ice' , 'Aranyalom' , 'Argentina' , 'Aristote' , 'Arne Dalebo' (v) , 'Arthur William Paul' (v) , 'Asia' , 'Assaut' , 'Atlantis' , 'Auguste Ferrier' (v) , 'Australia' , 'Austria' , 'Autumn Dragon' , 'Avon' , 'Baby Girl Pink' , 'Baby Pink' , 'Balcanyel' , 'Bambi , 'Bananitas' , 'Baron Seguier' , 'Baronne de Pouilly' , 'Bavaria' , 'Be Mine' , 'Beatrix' , 'Begonia' , 'Beloved' , 'Berenice Emsley' , 'Bethany' , 'Bevere' , 'Bird of Paradise' , 'Black Knight' , 'Black Prince' , 'Blueberry Sparkler' , 'Blushing Bride' , 'Bonfire' , 'Bonnezeaux' , 'Boom Boom' , 'Brandywine' , brasiliensis 'Rosea' , 'Brighton Orange' , 'Brillant' , 'Brilliant' , 'Britannia' , 'Brown Sugar' , 'Burbank' , 'Burgundia' , 'Burgundy Blush' (v) , 'Burning Ember' , 'Burnt Opal' , 'Bushfire' , 'Butterfly' , 'C.B. Evensong' , 'C.B. Princess' , 'C.B. Star' , 'Caballero' , 'Caer Glow' , 'Caliente' , 'Calimero' , 'Camille Bernardin' , 'Canary' , 'Candles' , 'Candy Festival' , CannaSol™ Happy Carmen , CannaSol™ Happy Cleo , CannaSol™ Happy Emily , CannaSol™ Happy Julia , CannaSol™ Lily , 'Capers' , 'Capri' , 'Captain Cole' , 'Carnaval' , 'Carolina Gold' , 'Carolina Pink' , 'Centenaire de Rozain-boucharlat' , 'Centurion' , 'Cerise Davenport' , 'Cerise St. Albans Park' , 'Chameleon' , 'Champigny' , 'Champion' , 'Chatei Grandis' , Chaumes = 'Turcacha' , 'Chelle' , 'Cherry Red' Schmid , 'Chesapeake' , 'China Doll' , 'China Lady' , 'China Lass' , 'Chinese Coral' misapplied , 'Chinese Coral' Schmid , 'Chiswick King' , 'Chocolate Sunrise' , 'Chouchou' , 'Citrina' , 'City of Gloucester' (v) , 'City of Portland' , 'Cleopatra' , 'CleopAtre' , 'Colibri' , 'Conestoga' , 'Confetti' , 'Constitution' , 'Copper Butterfly' , 'Coq d'Or' , 'Corail' , 'Core' , 'Corrida' , 'Corsica' (Island Series) , 'Cote d'Or' , 'Coventinarae' , 'Cream' , 'Cream Beauty' , 'Creamsicle' , 'Creamy White' , 'Creme de la Creme' , 'Crimson Beauty' , Crozy hybrids , 'Cupid' , 'Dazzler' , 'Declaration' , 'Delaware' , 'Delibab' , 'Depute Henon' , 'Dessert' , 'Di Bartolo' , 'Doctor Nansen' , 'Dollar' , 'Dondo' , 'Dondoblutrot' , 'Doreen Morris' , 'Doyen Jean Liabaud' , 'Duchesse de Montenard' , 'Durban' ambig. , 'Durban' Kelly red-flowered (v) , 'E. Neubert' , edulis 'Newlyn Green' , 'Edwin Cole' , 'Ehemannii , 'Electric Rose' , 'Elfin' , Elite™ Chocolate Sunrise , 'Ella Dalebo' , 'Ellen Layden' , 'Ember' , 'Embleme' , 'Emerald Sunset' , 'Emmaline Cole' , 'Empire' , 'En Avant' , 'Endeavour' , 'Ensign' , 'Epi d'Or' , 'Erebus' , 'Ermine' , 'Espresso Festival' , 'Etoile du Feu' , 'Eureka' , 'Eva Marie Lleonart' , 'Evening Star' , 'Extase' , 'Extravaganza' , 'Fairy Wings' , 'Falstaff' , 'Fatamorgana' , 'Favourite' , 'Felix Ragout' , 'Felix Roux' , 'Ferrandii' , 'Feuerzauber' , 'Fiery Sparkles' , 'Fiesta' , 'Fire Red' , 'Firebird' , 'Firefly' , 'Flamant Rose' , 'Flambe' , 'Flame' , 'Flammeche' , 'Florence Vaughan' , 'Foulquier' , 'Fournaise' , 'Franklin' , 'Freckle Face' , 'Frederick Benary' , 'Freedom' , 'French Plum' , 'French Vanilla' , 'Freya' , 'Froken' , 'Fur Elise' , 'Furst Wied' , 'Futurity Orange' , 'Gaiety' , Gamay = 'Turcagram' , 'Gardnerianum' , 'Gem' , 'Gemini' , 'General Eisenhower' , 'Gigundo' , 'Giselle' , 'Gladiflora' , 'Gnom' , 'Gold Ader' , 'Gold Dream' , 'Golden Gate' , 'Golden Girl' , 'Golden Inferno' , 'Golden Lucifer' , 'Golden Orb' , 'Goldilocks' , 'Gran Canaria' , 'Grand Duc' , Grand Opera Series , 'Grande' , 'Grandiose' , 'Gravitas' , 'Grumpy' , 'Guillaume Coustou' , 'Hallow' , 'Halloween' , 'Happy Carmen' (Cannasol Series) , 'Happy Cleo' (Cannasol Series) , 'Happy Emily' (Cannasol Series) , 'Happy Isabel' (Cannasol Series) , 'Happy Julia' (Cannasol Series) , 'Happy Wilma' (Cannasol Series) , 'Harmony Thumb' , 'Harvest Gold' , 'Harvest Moon' , 'Harvest Yellow' , 'Hawaiian Punch' , 'Hawaiian Sunset' , 'Hawaiian Sweetheart' , 'Heinrich Seidel' , 'Hellas' , 'Hello Yellow' , Henlade hybrids , 'Henlade Pink' , 'Henlade Red' , 'Henri Cohn' , 'Hercule' , 'Herman' , 'Hilary Owen' , 'Hiley' , 'Horn' , 'Horusrae' , 'Hossegor' , 'Hot Spot' , 'Hungaria' , 'Ibis' , 'Ibiza' (Island Series) , 'Independence' , 'Indiana' , 'Ingeborg' , 'Ingleborg' , 'Innosense' , 'Intrigue' , 'Iridiflora Rubra' (v) , 'Italia' , 'Ivor Evans' , 'Ivory Magic' , 'J.B. van der Schoot' , 'J.D. Cabos' , 'Jarchewall' , 'Jean Krupp' , 'Jean's Joy' , 'Jessie Dalebo' , 'Jivago' , 'John Lochner' , 'John Tulett' , 'Joseph Bischau' , 'Journey's End' , 'Judy Cuppaidge' , 'Julie' , 'June Ranger' , 'June Strange' , 'Jungle Flame' , 'Kalimpong' , 'Kandy Apple' , 'Kansas City' (v) , 'Karla Dalebo' , 'King City Gold' , 'King Humbert' (blood-red) , King Humbert (orange-red) , 'King Midas' , 'Kings' Gold' , 'Klondyke' , 'Konigin Charlotte' , 'Kyneburg' , 'La Belle Dame sans Merci' , 'La Boheme' (Grand Opera Series) , 'La France' , 'La Gloire' , 'La Quintinie' , La Source = 'Turcalsou' (Grand Opera Series) , 'La Traviata' , 'Lady K' , 'Lafayette' , 'L'Aiglon' , 'Landscape Red' (North Star Series) , 'Laura Dalebo' , 'Leilani' , 'Lemon Punch' , 'Lemon Yellow' , 'Lemon Zest' , 'Lenape' , 'Leo' , 'Leopoldii' , 'Lesotho Lil' , 'Liberation' , 'Liberte' , 'Liberty' , 'Liebesgut' , 'Lincroft' , 'Lion Rouge' , 'Lippo's Kiwi' , 'Llanthony' , 'Lohengrin' , 'Lolita' , 'Lon01' (PBR) , 'Louis Cayeux' , 'Louis Cottin' , 'Louisiana' , 'Love Child' , 'Lucifer' , 'Lucy Steele' , 'Ludlow' , 'Lunar Moth' , 'M. Holtz' , 'Mactro' (PBR) , 'Madame Angele Martin' , 'Madame Chabanne' , 'Madame Crozy' , 'Madame Legris' , 'Madame Paul Casaneuve' , 'Madras' , 'Maggie' , 'Malawiensis Variegata' , 'Malvern' , 'Mandy Robinson' , 'Mango Melange' , 'Marabout' , 'Margaret Cole' , 'Margaret Strange' , 'Marilyn' , 'Marjorie Cole' , 'Mark McGuigan' , 'Marlena' , 'Marmalade Skies' , 'Marshmallow' , 'Marvel' , 'Mary Layden' , 'Mattie Cole' , 'Maudie Malcolm' , 'May Vince' , 'Mayerbeer' , 'Michelle M.' , 'Milk Festival' , 'Minerve' , 'Mirizia' , 'Miss B. Brunner' , 'Molly Guy' , 'Monet' , 'Montaigne' , 'Moonshine' , 'Morwent' , 'Mother's Day Pink' , 'Moulin Aurora' , 'Moulin Jaffa' , 'Mrs Alfred F. Conard' , 'Mrs Kate Gray' , 'Mrs Oklahoma' , 'Mrs Tim Taylor' , 'Munchkin' , 'Musifolia' , 'Musifolia Peruviana' , 'Musifolia Rubra' , 'Mystique' , 'Nectarine' , 'Nero' , 'New Norma' , 'Nong Nooch' , 'Oberon' , 'Ointment Pink' , 'Oiseau de Feu' , 'Oiseau d'Or' , 'Old Red' , 'Old Rose Duchesse' , 'Ombersley' , 'Orange Beauty' , 'Orange Blush' , 'Orange Chocolate' , 'Orange Crush' , 'Orange Futurity' , 'Orange Perfection' , 'Orange Punch' , 'Orange Sparkler' , 'Orchid' , 'Oscar Dannecker' , 'Osric' , 'Pallag Szepe' , 'Panache' , 'Panama' , 'Paprika' , 'Park Princess' , 'Parkridge Peach' , 'Partenope' , 'Parthenope' , 'Passionata' , 'Patriot' , 'Payton' , 'Peach Blush' , 'Peach Gigantum' , 'Peach Parfait' , 'Peach Pink' , 'Peach Surprise' , 'Pearlescent Pink' , 'Pele' , 'Penn' , 'Pennsylvania' , 'Percy Lancaster' , 'Perkeo' , 'Petit Poucet' , 'Pfitzer's Cherry Red' , 'Pfitzer's Chinese Coral' , 'Pfitzer's Primrose Yellow' , 'Pfitzer's Salmon Pink' , 'Pfitzer's Scarlet Beauty' , 'Phasion' (v) , 'Phoebe' , 'Picadore' , 'Picasso' , 'Pink Beauty' , 'Pink Champagne' , 'Pink Futurity' (Futurity Series) , 'Pink Paradise' , 'Pink Perfection' , 'Pink Ribbons' , 'Pink Starburst' , 'Pink Sunburst' (v) , 'Pink Sunrise' , 'Pinky' , 'Plantagenet' , 'Plaster Pink' , 'Poinsettia' , 'Pony' , 'Porcelain Petals' , 'Port Denison' , 'Powick' , 'Preference' , 'President' , 'President Carnot' , 'President Roosevelt' , 'Pretoria' , 'Pretoria Variegata' , 'Primrose' , 'Primrose Yellow' , 'Prince Charmant' , 'Princess Di' , 'Pringle Bay' (v) , 'Professor Lorentz' , 'Professor Wendt' , 'Puck' , 'Puppet' , 'Pure White' , 'Purpurea Floribunda' , 'Queen Charlotte' , 'Ra' , 'Red Bird' , 'Red Cherry' , 'Red Futurity' (Futurity Series) , 'Red Giant' , 'Red Hat Lady' , 'Red President' , 'Red Rocket' , 'Red Stripe' , 'Red Tyrol' , 'Red Wine' , 'Renee' , 'Restormel' , 'Richard Wallace' , 'Rigoletto' , 'Rob Roy' , 'Robert Kemp' , 'Roi Humbert' , 'Roi Soleil' , 'Roitelet' , 'Roma' , 'Rosa' , 'Rosa Fuerta' , Rosalind = 'Turcaros' , 'Rosalita' , 'Rosamunde' , 'Rose Futurity' (Futurity Series) , 'Rosebud' , 'Rosemawr' , 'Rosemond Coles' , 'Rosita' , 'Ruby Cole' , 'Russian Lance' , 'Safrano' , 'Saladin' , 'Salmon' , 'Salmon Pink' , 'Salmon Punch' , 'Salmon Watsonia' , 'Salsa' , 'Sassy Sandy' , Savennieres = 'Turcasav' , 'Scarlet Wave' , 'Schwabische Heimat' , 'Schwarbenstreich' , 'Scorch' , 'Semaphore' , 'Shanuni' , 'Shell Pink' , 'Shenandoah' , 'Sherri' , 'Singapore Girl' , 'Sky Hawk' , 'Snow Dragon' , 'Snow-white' , 'Society Belle' , Sol™ Happy Wilma , 'Sophia Young' , 'Soudan' , 'South Pacific' , 'South Pacific Ivory' , 'South Pacific Scarlet' , 'Souvenir de Madame Nardy' , 'Sparks' , 'Spartacus' , 'Spotti' , 'Spritzii' , 'Stadt Fellbach' , 'Star of 1891' , 'Star of India' , 'Starlight' , 'Stars and Stripes' , 'Statue of Liberty' , 'Stewart Shuck' , 'Strasbourg' , 'Strawberry and Cream' , 'Strawberry Delight' , 'Striata' (v) , 'Striped Beauty' (v) , 'Stuttgart' (v) , 'Sudfunk' , 'Summer Gold' , 'Summer Joy' , 'Sunbeams' , 'Sundance' , 'Sunny Delight' , 'Sunnyside' , 'Sunset' , 'Sunshine' , 'Sweetheart' , 'Tafraout' , 'Tali' , 'Talisman' , 'Taney' , 'Tangelo' , 'Tango' , 'Tango Mango' , 'Taroudant' , 'Tarrytown' , 'Tashkent Red' , 'Tchad' , 'Teme' , 'Temploux' , 'Tenerife' (Island Series) , 'Tequila Sunrise' , 'Thai Goddess' , 'Thai Rainbow' , 'Thai Summer' , 'Thai Sunray' , 'Theresa Blakey' , 'Thorvald Dalebo' , 'Tickled Pink' , 'Tirol' , 'Tobago' , Toucan™ Red , Toucan™ Rose , Toucan™ Scarlet , Toucan™ Yellow , 'Tricarinata' , 'Trinacria' , 'Trinacria Variegata' , 'Triomphe' , 'Tropical Bronze Scarlet' (Tropical Series) , 'Tropical Mango' , 'Tropical Orange' (Tropical Series) , 'Tropical Red' (Tropical Series) , 'Tropical Red Yellow Flame' , 'Tropical Rose' (Tropical Series) , 'Tropical Rose' red , 'Tropical Salmon' (Tropical Series) , 'Tropical Sunrise' (Tropical Series) , 'Tropical White' (Tropical Series) , 'Tropical Yellow' (Tropical Series) , Tropicanna , Tropicanna Black = 'Lon01' (PBR) , TropicannaR , 'Turcacha' , 'Turcagram' , 'Turcalsou' (Grand Opera Series) , 'Turcaros' , 'Turcasav' , 'Ulrich Brunner' , 'Uncle Sam' , 'Uturae' , 'Uvurdelig' , 'Uvurderlig' , 'Vainqueur' , 'Valentine' , 'Van Houttei' , 'Vanilla Cream' , 'Vanilla Pink' , 'Variegata' (v) , 'Velvet Red' , 'Vera Cole' , 'Verdi' , 'Vestarae' , 'Victor Hugo' , 'Virgo' , 'Viva' , 'Watermelon Blue' , 'Weymouth' , 'White Speckles' , 'Whithelm Pride' , 'William Marshall' , 'Wilma' , 'Wine 'n' Roses' , 'Wintzer's Colossal' , 'Woodbridge Pink' , 'Wye' , 'Wyoming' , 'Yara' , 'Yellow Bird' , 'Yellow Futurity' (Futurity Series) , 'Yellow Humbert' , 'Yellow King Humbert' , 'Zebra' , 'Zebra Cole' , 'Zoodikers!'

参考

1) Flora of China
 Canna
 http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=105521
2) Plants of the World Online | Kew Science
 Canna
 http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:39598-1
3)GRIN
 Canna
 https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple
4)Flora of North America
 Canna
 http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=105521